Relations between Türkiye and Portugal

Türkiye’s political relations with Portugal date back to 1843. Diplomatic relations which ceased during World War I were reestablished on 28 May 1926 following Portugal’s declaration to be a party of the financial clauses of the Lausanne Agreement, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the agreement. Türkiye appointed an ambassador to Portugal in 1931 and Portugal reciprocated in 1941.

President of Portugal Cavaco Silva’s state visit to Türkiye on 11-15 May 2009, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Türkiye Ahmed Davutoğlu’s visit to Portugal on 14 July 2010, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Portugal Paolo Portas’ visit to Türkiye on 3-4 April 2012.and EU Affairs Minister Egemen Bağış’s visit to Portugal on 19-21 September 2012 are the most recent official contacts between the two countries. President Abdullah Gül also paid a visit to Portugal on 19-20 November 2010 to attend the NATO Summit in Lisbon.

Türkiye and Portugal are enjoying friendly and seamless bilateral political relations. Keeping in mind Türkiye’s increasing regional and strategic importance especially in the energy field, Portugal supports Türkiye’s EU membership process. It considers that Türkiye’s EU accession will further strengthen the Mediterranean dimension of the EU.

Bilateral trade between Türkiye and Portugal increased from 969,3 million USD in 2010 to 1,053 billion USD in 2011. Last year, Türkiye’s exports to Portugal reached 446 million USD, while imports stood at 607 million USD. Portuguese companies have invested mainly in the energy, tourism and cement sectors in Türkiye.

The number of Portuguese tourists visiting Türkiye reached 52 thousand in 2011. Turkish Airlines operates 5 direct flights between Istanbul and Lisbon per weekly.

The economic needs of both countries require each other to act as a stepping stone in their exploration of new markets. Portugal considers Türkiye as a potential catalyst for its relations in Central Asia and Caucasia while Türkiye values Portugal as a possible intermediary to facilitate its opening up to Africa.

Portugal is one of the EU countries where only a limited number of Turkish citizens reside. 300 Turkish citizens are registered with the Consular Section of the Turkish Embassy in Lisbon. Together with the unregistered citizens, the number is estimated to be around 300.

Official passport holders are exempted from visa for their travels with touristic purposes and transit to/from Türkiye up to 90 days within six months, starting from the first entry date. Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Türkiye.

As of 1 March 2013, Portuguese citizens may also use their valid national identity cards and passports which have expired within the last five years when entering Türkiye for touristic purposes. They can obtain their visas through the e-visa system (www.evisa.gov.tr) or upon arrival by submitting identity cards or passports expired within the last five years.

Portuguese citizens who wish to enter Türkiye for other purposes such as working, transportation, education, long-term stay etc. should obtain their visas from the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Republic of Türkiye in Lisbon by submitting their valid passports.