Press Releases, Statements, Notes/Articles and Letters INITIATIVE BY TURKEY ON CYPRUS, 24 JANUARY 2006 Cyprus a reminder CYPRUS: WHAT HAS HAPPENED? Highlights of the UNSG´s report Cyprus (Historical Overview) What the World Said Before the Referanda What the World said After the Referanda The Annan Plan and the Greek Cypriot “NO”: False Reasons and Claims Greek Cypriot state terror revealed Confidence Building Measures (1992-1994) Meaningful Anniversary Of The Cyprus Peace Operation Turkish Parliament Proclaims Solidarity With TRNC And Demands Equal Treatment For The Two States On The Island Resolution By The Turkish Grand National Assembly On 21 January 1997 Circular Note Sent To The Embassies Of The EU Member States Concerning The Greek Cypriot Application To The EU, 30 June 1997 Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Turkey and the Government of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on the establishment of an Association Council Resolution Adopted By The Legislative Assembly of The TRNC March 9, 1998 Aide-Memoire By The TRNC To The British High Commission In Nicosia, 26 March 1998 Documents Given By President Denktas To The UN Secretary-General During Their Meeting In Geneva- 28 March 1998 Resolution of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, 15 July 1999 Treaty Provisions And Basic Documents With Regard To The EU Membership Of Cyprus British Professor of International Law Prof. H. Mendelson Q.C.'s opinion on the legal aspects of the one-sided membership application of the Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus to the European Union Final communique of the annual coordination meeting of Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the States members of the Organization of the Islamic Conference ( United Nations, New York 28 September 2004, 14 Shaa'ban 1425 H - para. related to Cyprus) Report of the Secretary-General Kofi Annan on his Mission of Good Offices in Cyprus, 28 May 2004 Report of the Secretary-General Annan on the United Nations operation in in Cyprus, 3 December 2007 The Status of the Two Peoples in Cyprus Edited By Necati Münir Ertekün Greek Cypriot Attempts To Purchase Missiles From Russia And The Resulting Danger For The Peace And Stability In Cyprus EU and Cyprus:An Expert View Opinion of Professor M.H. Mendelson Q.C on the Application of “the Republic of Cyprus” to Join the European Union Grand Deception, Korkmaz HAKTANIR, Founding Member of the Cyprus Foundation '' BARBARIE A CHYPRE '' Le Soir Illustré 1967 The Need for New Perspective on Cyprus
Greek Cypriot Violence in Cyprus (Letter dated 13 August 1996 from Mr. Osman Ertug, TRNC Representative in New York, addressed to the UN Secretary-General)

Upon instructions from my Government, I have the honour to refer to the recent violent incidents caused by Greek Cypriot demonstrators carrying Greek flags along and inside the buffer zone in Cyprus on Sunday, 11 August. As you are well aware, the said demonstrations resulted in bloodshed and damage to property, as well as aggravating the existing mistrust between the two communities and damaging prospects for a peaceful settlement of the Cyprus dispute.

Well in advance of the incidents, the Turkish Cypriot side had issued repeated warnings regarding the unforseen consequences of such provocative behavior. Appeals and representations were also made to the Greek Cypriot side by concerned third parties, including the United Nations, to do all it could to stop those demonstrations. In spite of a last-minute announcement by Mr. Clerides, the Greek Cypriot leader, that the planned demonstration of the Greek Cypriot motorcyclists had been cancelled, upon your personal intervention, incidents occurred along and inside the buffer zone. They involved violations of the buffer zone, stone-throwing at the Turkish Cypriot side, setting several areas on fire and other provocative behavior. As a result of the clashes that occurred, one person lost his life and scores of people were injured.

The responsibility for this unfortunate outcome rests solely with the Greek Cypriot leadership, which not only condoned but also actively supported these demonstrations from the beginning. Had this not been so, during the months-long period preceding the demonstrations, when the intentions of the would-be demonstrators had been made abundantly clear, the Greek Cypriot administration could have put in place serious and effective measures which would have prevented the incidents from escalating into violence. This is confirmed in statement to the press made by your Deputy Special Representative in Cyprus Mr. Gustave Feissel, after his meeting with the Greek Cypriot officials on 12 August 1996, in which he said: "If the government side had done its job completely and effectively these people would never be in the buffer zone in the first place." Instead, the behaviour of the Greek Cypriot leadership, official, political and religious alike, in so far as the demonstrations were concerned, ranged from one of encouragement to connivance to outright support.

When, for instance, a group of motorcyclists set out from Berlin, at the beginning of August, arrangements were made by the Greek Cypriot administration to facilitate its journey across Europe. The Greek Cypriot missions in Prague and Vienna hosted the group while a months-long fund raising campaign was launched to help finance the journey.

The Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus, which had aided and abetted the demonstrators from the beginning, has contributed tens of thousands of dollars towards the funding of the demonstrations. It also bears particular responsibility for exhorting the demonstrators to action by its anti-Turkish, inflammatory rhetoric.

However, the ultimate responsibility for the outcome of the demonstrations rests with the Greek Cypriot administration. Only a few days before the incidents, Mr. Glafcos Clerides, as the head of the Greek Cypriot administration, did not hesitate to give a clear message of support to the planned action of the motorcyclists by posing to the press on a motorcycle. In the light of this, Mr. Clerides' last-minute intervention announcing the cancellation of the demonstrations appeared as a half-hearted, insincere action, and a face-saving device vis-à-vis the outside world. In the final analysis, it probably made matters even worse by angering the demonstrators and contributing to the violence. The failure of the Greek Cypriot police, on the other hand, to take the necessary measures on time and its passive attitude during the course of the demonstrations played a major role in the escalation of the incidents into violence.

The irresponsible attitude of the Greek Cypriot administration throughout this whole affair has drawn sharp criticism even from the Greek Cypriot press, as illustrated by the following extract from the English-language daily, Cyprus Mail, date 13 August 1996:

"The Government's handling of the whole matter has been naive, indecisive and indefensibly irresponsible, It was another case of too little being done too late."

By contrast, the attitude of the Turkish Cypriot officials, from President to the policeman in the field, has been one of moderation and restraint. When Mr. Clerides had finally declared that the demonstration of the motorcyclists had been cancelled, President Denkta? even thanked him publicly, only to learn a short while later that the provocations were continuing and had escalated into violence. Upon learning that a Greek Cypriot had lost his life in the incidents, Mr. Denkta? expressed his regret and offered his condolences to the family of the deceased. Pointing out that there is now a greater need for dialogue and a peaceful solution, he called on Mr. Clerides to agree to meet with him without further delay, to explore how confidence can be established between the two communities and a comprehensive settlement can be reached.

The reaction of the Turkish Cypriot civilians towards the Greek Cypriot demonstrators, on the other hand, must be regarded in the context of our people's determination to defend their borders against aggression, their outrage at this assault on their existence and integrity as an equal people in Cyprus and their refusal to be turned into refugees for the second, third or even fourth time in recent decades by allowing the demonstrators to rehearse how they could ultimately overrun the North. The Greek Cypriot side must realize that every action produces a reaction and that they must bear the responsibility for the consequences of their own provocative actions.

The incidents have again demonstrated, in no unclear terms, the vital necessity of preserving the effective guarantee of Turkey as a deterrent against the recurrence of Greek aggression against the Turkish Cypriots. As President Denkta? also pointed out in the course of the incidents, if the Greek Cypriots are capable of causing so much disturbance and violence while the Turkish troops are present in the North, it is not difficult to imagine what they would do without this presence.

The latest developments have also shown, beyond the shadow of any doubt, that Cyprus is now reaping the bitter fruits of decades of agitation by the Greek Cypriots, in collaboration with Greece, to take over the whole of Cyprus and turn it into a Greek island. Their continuing massive campaign of rearmament, in the context of the "joint defence doctrine" with Greece, their provocative activities, inflammatory rhetoric and harmful propaganda, coupled with a refusal to sit at the negotiating table, have taken their toll on the already inimical relations between the two communities. We therefore call on the Greek Cypriot side once again to respond positively to President Denkta?'s constructive offer for direct dialogue before the current trend becomes chronic and perhaps even irreversible.

I should be grateful if the present letter could be circulated as a document of the fiftieth session of the General Assembly, under agenda item 55, and of the Security Council.

Osman Ertuğ
Turkish Republic of
Northern Cyprus