Relations between Turkey and the United States of America

Turkish-American relations have developed since the end of the 18th century through maritime trade around the Turkish Mediterranean ports. This period is considered as the beginning of the first contacts between the Ottoman Empire and the United States of America. Diplomatic relations between the U.S. and the Republic of Turkey were established through an exchange of notes on 17 February 1927. After World War II, relations between the two countries rapidly expanded and deepened.

Turkey and the U.S. have extensive relations at every level on bilateral, regional and global issues. In addition to bilateral topics, official talks cover issues of counter-terrorism, developments in Syria, Libya and Iraq, the threat posed by the PYD/YPG/PKK and DEASH, as well as the Cyprus issue and the Eastern Mediterranean, Iran, Caucasus, Venezuela, NATO matters, energy security and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

After the coup attempt of 15 July, the relations with the U.S. have entered into a delicate period. In this context, the fight against FETO (Fetullahist Terrorist Organisation) and the extradition of the FETO ringleader have been on the top of our bilateral agenda.

Mutual high-level contacts and visits allow both countries to regularly address the challenges and opportunities affecting their bilateral relations. In this regard, Vice-President Mike Pence visited Turkey on 17 October 2019, while President Erdoğan paid a working visit to Washington, D.C. on 13 November 2019.

The legal framework of our economic and commercial relations is based on the Agreement on Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments of 1990; the Treaty On Avoiding Double Taxation of 1997 and the Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) of 2000.

The trade volume between Turkey and the U.S. reached 18.26 billion U.S. Dollars in 2020. 1,874 U.S. companies have been registered in Turkey.

Turkish Airlines has direct flights to nine destinations in the U.S.: New York, Washington D.C., Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, San Francisco, Miami and Atlanta ( subject to change due to the pandemic). In 2019, 585,303 and in 2020, 139.566 American tourists visited Turkey.