Relations between Turkey and Sudan

Turkey was among the first countries, which recognized Sudan’s independence and opened an Embassy in Khartoum just after its independence in 1956.

With long and deep-rooted historical, religious and cultural ties, Sudan remains one of the most important partners of Turkey in Africa. Reciprocal high-level visits and various cooperation agreements have ensured the steady development of bilateral relations in different fields.

H.E. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit to Sudan on 24 – 26 December 2017 marked a historical landmark in the relations between the two countries. During this visit, 12 agreements (including protocols and MoU’s) were signed, including the declaration on the establishment of High Level Strategic Cooperation mechanism.

In August 2019, H.E. Minister Çavuşoğlu attended the signing ceremony of the Constitutional Declaration in Khartoum.

H.E. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan received Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok in 2019, on the margins of the 74th UN General Assembly in New York. H.E. Minister Çavuşoğlu and the Minister of Defence, H.E. Hulusi Akar held meetings with the Sudanese counterparts during the said occassion as well.

The total volume of the Turkish investments in Sudan has reached 600 million USD.

In 2020, Turkey’s export to Sudan was 375 million USD, whereas Turkey's imports from Sudan was 105 million US dollars and the total trade volume stood at US $ 480 million USD.  

The main export items of Turkey to Sudan are electrical machines, steel products, automotive byproducts, boilers, steel equipment, plastic products, textiles and paper. Turkey’s main imports from Sudan are oilseed and fruits, sugar and sugar products, unfinished leather, lac, Arabic gum, resin, volatile oils and cotton.

Turkish companies in Sudan are involved in steel, cement, leather, PVC manufacturing, grain import and exports, bakery investments and sales of home appliance products.

The Turkish International Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) and Turkish NGO’s have been carrying out both development and humanitarian projects in Sudan along with the emergency humanitarian assistance for local communities, in close cooperation and coordination with the relevant Sudanese authorities.

Nyala Turkish-Sudanese Research and Training Hospital, constructed by TIKA, has started its operations as of February 28, 2014.

Ziraat Katılım Bank opened a branch in Sudan in 2020, being the first Turkish bank operating in the African Continent.

Within the framework of Türkiye Scholarships programme, Turkey has provided 654 scholarships to Sudanese students since 1992.