Relations between Turkey and Poland

Turkey-Poland relations, started with the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1414, have always been friendly, except for rare occasions of war.

Poland, which regained its independence in 1918 following the World War I, was one of the first countries to recognize Turkey by signing a Friendship Agreement, one day before the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.

Turkey’s support for Poland’s accession to NATO in 1999, as well as Poland’s support for Turkey’s EU accession process boosted political relations.

Deep-rooted relations between Turkey and Poland have gained “strategic” character with the signing of the “Declaration on Turkish-Polish Strategic Partnership” in 2009.

Political dialogue continues with high-level visits. Lastly, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan paid an official visit to Poland on 17 October 2017.

The bilateral trade volume between Turkey and Poland amounted to 6.45 billion Dollars in 2018 (Turkish exports: 3.34 billion Dollars; imports: 3.1 billion Dollars). The common target is to increase the bilateral trade volume to 10 billion USD.

Turkey’s main items of exports to Poland are motor cars, parts and accessories for motor vehicles and tractors; while its main import items from Poland are parts and motor cars, accessories for motor vehicles, compression-ignition internal combustion piston engines and meat of bovine animals.

Last (fourth) session of the Turkey-Poland Regular Economic Consulation Mechanism took place on 7 March 2019 in Warsaw.

Warsaw University, Jagiellonian University (Krakow) and Poznan Adam Mickiewicz University each houses a Turcology department. Furthermore, Poland is the top destination for Turkish students studying abroad under Erasmus+ programme.

There is also Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Centre functioning in Warsaw.

The number of Turkish citizens living in Poland is close to 10 thousand, with the students studying either full-time or under Erasmus+ programme combined.

Over 646 thousand Polish tourists visited Turkey in 2018, with an increase of 118 % compared to the previous year.