Relations between Turkey and Turkmenistan

Turkey is the first country to recognize Turkmenistan’s independence on 27 October 1991 following the dissolution of the USSR and to open its Embassy in Ashgabat. Turkey also supports Turkmenistan’s neutral status.

Bound by a common history, language, religion and culture, the two countries and peoples enjoy balanced special relations based on mutual respect, cooperation and the principle of “One Nation, Two States”. Today, the cooperation between the two countries encompasses very diverse fields; foreign policy, trade, economy, culture and education being the foremost areas.

Eight reciprocal presidential visits in the last two years indicate the level of our bilateral relations. 11th President of Turkey, Abdullah Gül, made a visit to Turkmenistan on the occasion of the Equestrian Festival in June 2014. President of Turkmenistan, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow paid an official visit to Ankara and attended the IV. Summit meeting of the Turkic Council. Subsequently, President Berdimuhamedow participated in the presidential inauguration of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in August 2014.

President Erdoğan paid an official visit to Turkmenistan on 6-7 November 2014, as the first presidential visit in Central Asia. In 2015, President Berdimuhamedow visited Turkey to have official meetings and participate in the VI. Turkmenistan Investment Forum on March 3-4; to attend the Centennial Ceremonies of the Çanakkale Land Battles on April 24 and finally, to pay an official visit on August 7. President Erdoğan attended the international conference entitled "Policy of Neutrality: International Cooperation for Peace, Security and Development", which was held in Ashgabat on 12 December 2015 on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of Turkmenistan’s neutrality. Hereby, bilateral relations were discussed at the highest level.

Economic relations between Turkey and Turkmenistan are also nourished. In 2015, exports and imports from Turkey to Turkmenistan amounted, respectively, to 1.85 billion USD and 557 million USD. Turkish businessmen have contributed to the development of Turkmenistan since the first days of its independence. Approximately 600 Turkish companies are registered in Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan has become the leading country in the Central Asia for Turkish contracting companies. From the independence of Turkmenistan until today, Turkish contracting companies have carried out more than 1.400 projects worth 47 billion USD. Apart from the construction sector, textile is another field in which Turkish companies operate extensively.

Close relations between Turkey and Turkmenistan exist in humanitarian fields as well. Approximately 9.000 Turkish citizens living in Turkmenistan act as a vital bridge between two brotherly peoples. Each year, numerous Turkmen citizens visit Turkey for tourism or trade, and thousands of Turkmen students are educated in Turkey. The number of Turkmen visitors in Turkey has been 175.000 in 2015 with an increasing rate of 16 % compared to 150.000 visitors in 2013.