Relations between Turkey and the Czech Republic

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations with Czechoslovakia in 1924, Turkish-Czech relations have always been friendly with the exception of the cessation of diplomatic relations from 1939 to 1945, during German occupation of Czechoslovakia followed by the stagnant period during the Cold War era. As the policies implemented under the imperatives of the Cold War withered away, there has been a steady improvement in bilateral relations since 1989, when Czechoslovakia accomplished its democratic transition. The Czech Republic, which was established on 1 January 1993 after Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved into its constituent states, was recognized by Turkey on the same day.

Turkey and the Czech Republic enjoy friendly relations. The Czech Republic supports Turkey’s EU accession process.

High level visits and contacts have become more frequent in recent years. Prime Minister Erdoğan paid an official visit to Czech Republic on 3-4 February 2013. During the said visit, an agreement was reached to establish a “High-Level Strategic Cooperation Council (HLSCC)” between the two countries. The preparatory work continues for the implementation of this decision.

The Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, Mr. Jan Hamacek, visited Turkey on 13-16 January 2015. Former Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, Mr. Cemil Çiçek, visited the Czech Republic on 26-27 January 2015 within the margins of the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Nazi concentration camps.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic Mr. Lubomir Zaoralek visited Turkey on 12-14 May 2015 to attend the Visegrad Group (V4) + Turkey and NATO Foreign Ministers’ Meetings. Moreover, Minister Zaoralek paid a working visit to Izmir on 8-9 February 2016, where he met with Turkish officials to discuss the refugee crisis unfolding in the Aegean Sea. Lastly, Minister Zaoralek visited Turkey on 13 December 2016.

During the visit of Prime Minister Erdoğan to the Czech Republic in February 2013, the target was set for the bilateral trade volume to reach 5 billion USD. In 2016, bilateral trade between Turkey and the Czech Republic amounted to 3,3 billion USD where Turkey’s exports totaled at 804 million USD and its imports accounted for 2,5 billion USD.

Energy, plays the role of a locomotive in our bilateral investment relations. Czech companies are primarily interested in the energy sector; hence Czech investments in Turkey are predominantly focused on this area. Czech investments in Turkey totals around 2,5 billion USD. 

In 2016, bilateral trade between Turkey and the Czech Republic amounted to 3,3 billion Dollars with an increase of 12.6 percent compared to 2015, where Turkey’s exports totaled at 804 million Dollars and its imports accounted for 2,5 billion Dollars.

Turkey’s total amount of direct investments in Czech Republic reached to 18 million Dollars in the period of 2002- 2017 as of September, whereas the Czech direct investments in Turkey during the same period was 622 million Dollars.

87,328 Czech tourists visited Turkey in 2016.