Relations between Turkey and the Czech Republic

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations with Czechoslovakia in 1924, Turkish-Czech relations have always been friendly with the exception of the cessation of diplomatic relations from 1939 to 1945, during German occupation of Czechoslovakia followed by the stagnant period during the Cold War era. There has been a steady improvement in bilateral relations since 1989, when Czechoslovakia accomplished its democratic transition.

Turkey recognized the Czech Republic, which was established on 1 January 1993 after Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved into its constituent states, on the same day.

The Czech Republic supports Turkey’s EU accession process.

In 2018, bilateral trade between Turkey and the Czech Republic amounted to 3.65 billion USD (Turkish exports: 1.001 billion USD; imports: 2.65 billion USD). The common target for the bilateral trade volume has been set as 5 billion USD.

Main items of Turkey’s exports to the Czech Republic consist of motor cars, parts and accessories for motor vehicles, jewellery articles and food preparations, while main items of Turkey’s imports from the Czech Republic include motor vehicles, parts and accessories for motor vehicles, centrifuges and live bovine animals.

Energy plays the role of a locomotive in our bilateral investment relations. Czech companies are primarily interested in the energy sector; hence, Czech investments in Turkey are predominantly focused on this area. There are also Czech firms in the pharmaceutical sector.

Last session of the Joint Economic Commission between the two countries took place in Ankara in April 2015.

There is a Turcology department in the Charles University in Prague, which is the oldest university in the Central Europe.

There are also plans for the establishment of a Yunus Emre Cultural Centre in Prague.

Nearly 3 thousand Turkish citizens reside in the Czech Republic.

Over 228 thousand Czech tourists visited Turkey in 2018, an increase by 181 % compared to the previous year.