Relations between Turkey and Sudan

Turkey was among the first countries which opened an Embassy in Khartoum just after the independence of Sudan in 1956.

Sudan remains one of the most important partners of Turkey in Africa with long and deep-rooted historical, religious and cultural ties. Reciprocal high level visits and various cooperation agreements have ensured steady development of bilateral relations in different fields.

H.E. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit to Sudan on 24 – 26 December 2017 served to further develop relations between the two countries. During the course of that visit 12 agreements (including protocols and MoU’s) were signed by both parties, including the declaration pertaining to the establishment of High Level Strategic Cooperation mechanism between both sides.

On the economic side, the total amount of the infrastructure projects and direct investments undertaken by Turkish companies in Sudan has reached 650 million US Dollars.

Bilateral trade volume between Turkey and Sudan amounted to 511,2 million US Dollars in 2016 (exports to Sudan: 461,6 million USD; imports from Sudan: 49,6 million USD). Bilateral trade volume between Turkey and Sudan stood at 438 million US Dollars in the first 11 months of 2017.

The main export items of Turkey to Sudan are electrical machines, steel plant, automotive byproducts, boilers, steel equipment, plastic products, textiles and paper. Turkey’s main imports from Sudan are oilseed and fruits, sugar and sugar products, unfinished leather, lac, Arabic gum, resin, volatile oils and cotton.

Turkish companies in Sudan are involved in steel, cement, leather, PVC manufacturing, grain import and exports, bakery investments and sales of home appliance products.

Turkey and Sudan are working on establishing a long term relationship with Sudan in the field of agriculture, livestock and agro-industries. In this regard, the “Agreement on Bilateral Agricultural Cooperation and Partnership” between Turkey and Sudan” which was signed on April 28, 2014, in Ankara has been endorsed by both Parliaments. The General Directorate of Agricultural Enterprises (TIGEM) of Turkey is already working with relevant bodies from Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation of Sudan to implement this partnership.

The Turkish International Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) and Turkish NGO’s have been carrying out out both development and early humanitarian projects along with the emergency humanitarian assistance for local communities, especially in the Darfur region, in close cooperation and coordination with the relevant Sudanese authorities.

Nyala Turkish-Sudanese Research and Training Hospital which was constructed by TIKA began its operations on February 28, 2014. After five years of co-management with Sudan, the hospital will be handed over to Sudanese management.

Turkey, within the framework of Türkiye Scholarships, provides scholarships for university education to the students from Sudan.