Turkey and Somalia was never distant to each other. We have close historical and cultural ties. However, Turkey’s engagement in Somalia accelerated following the visit of the President Erdoğan (then Prime Minister) in August 2011 which constituted a turning point in the history of Somalia. Visit followed a nationwide campaign that collected donations close to 500 million Turkish Liras (around 300 million USD).
In the following period, Turkish public, private and civil society sectors began to engage widely with Somalia. So far Turkish humanitarian and technical development assistance to Somalia exceeded 400 million USD.
Many development projects in various areas such as health, education, livelihood creation, municipal services and infrastructure have been completed. A hospital in Mogadishu with 200 in-patient capacity is opened in January 2015. The hospital is one the largest and most modern hospitals in the region. A Turkish health team in cooperation with Somali staff will co-operate the hospital for five years before handing it over to the Somali authorities. Two other hospitals by Turkish NGOs are built and being managed.
Likewise, the Turkish International Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) launched several projects in all regions of Somalia in the areas of education, health, agriculture, infrastructure and water management.
The Turkish Red Crescent runs the Mogadishu camp acclaimed by the international community in which about 20,000 internally displaced Somali people are given shelter, and also provides daily hot meals for 15,000 Somalis in orphanages and hospitals.
The Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, in cooperation with the Municipality of Mogadishu, continues to engage in services that change the face of the city. The repair, maintenance and paving of Mogadishu’s main arteries progressed rapidly.
President Erdoğan visited Mogadishu on 25 January 2015. The visit showed Turkey’s long term commitment towards the development and well-being of Somalia.
Bilateral trade volume was 72,3 million USD in 2015.