Relations between Turkey and Romania

Turkey and Romania have strong political, economic, cultural relations and humanitarian bonds based on deep-rooted historical ties. Turkey and Romania maintain their close relations through high-level dialogue and friendship.

Depending on the mutual commitment to enhance bilateral relations in every field, the level of our relations were raised to strategic partnership with the signing of Strategic Partnership Declaration in December 2011. The Action Plan on the implementation of the said document was signed in March 2013.

The exchange of high level visits between Turkey and Romania reflects the close political dialogue and friendly relations.

H.E. Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, President of the Republic of Turkey, paid an official visit to Romania in March 2015. H.E. Mr. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey, also visited Romania in June 2015.

Turkish Minister for EU Affairs and Chief Negotiator, H.E. Mr. Volkan Bozkır paid a visit to Romania in February 2016.

Article 6 of the Romanian Constitution guarantees national minorities “the right to the preservation, development and expression of” their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity including education in the mother tongue.

More than 70.000 Turks and Tatar Turks, along with other 16 minority groups in Romania, enjoy their constitutional rights through minority organizations they established. Each minority organization has political party status and minority groups are represented in the parliament in proportion to their population. Turks and Tatar Turks have one seat each in the Parliament.

Economic Relations

EXPORTS

IMPORTS

BALANCE

VOLUME

2013

2.600

3.600

-1.000

6.200

2014

3.008

3.362

-354

6.370

2015

2.817

2.600

217

5.417

2014/2015 % change

-6,4

-22,7

161

-15

Source: TÜİK (million USD)

Turkey and Romania are each other’s largest trading partners in the Balkans.

In 2015, Turkey’s exports to Romania were 2,8 billion USD and its imports from Romania amounted to 2,6 billion USD. Bilateral trade volume between the two countries has reached to 5,4 billion USD. This figure represents a 15 % annual decline in bilateral trade as compared to 2014.

Turkey is among the largest investors in Romania with its current value of investment exceeding 6 billion USD including those coming from third countries. Currently, around 7.000 Turkish companies are actively operating in Romania. Two Turkish banks, Credit Europe and Garanti Bank Romania, are also operating in Romania. Romania continues to offer significant opportunities for both Turkish exports and investments.

In Romania, the construction projects which have been completed by Turkish contractors so far amount to 6,2 billion USD.

441.000 Romanian tourists visited Turkey in 2015.