Relations between Turkey and Kazakhstan

Turkey is the first country to recognize the independence of Kazakhstan. Common historical, cultural and moral ties between Turkey and Kazakhstan are the basis of our rapidly developing relations. In the wake of Kazakhstan’s independence, the basis of our relations and cooperation in various areas has been regulated through many agreements and protocols signed with this country. Kazakhstan has become one of the most significant political and economic partners of Turkey in the region in accordance with the level of political relations we have achieved with Kazakhstan.

The Strategic Partnership Agreement, signed during the visit of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to Turkey on October 2009, introduced a new dimension to our relations.

In addition, the High Level Strategic Cooperation Council (HLSCC) was established during the visit of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the then Prime Minister, to Kazakhstan on May 2012, and the first meeting of the HLSCC was held on 11-12 October 2012 during the visit of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to Turkey. The second meeting of the HLSC was held during the visit of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to Kazakhstan on 15-17 April 2015. Our strategic relations with Kazakhstan have been placed into an institutional framework with the mechanism of HLSCC. The subsequent HLSCC meeting is planned to be held in Turkey in 2016.

Most recent high level bilateral visit was paid by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu to Astana on 6 February 2016.

Our bilateral trade volume reached 2 billion Dollars in total in 2015, with the export of 741 million Dollars and the import of 1.27 billion Dollars. Our common goal is to increase our bilateral trade volume to the level of 10 billion Dollars.

In Kazakhstan, Turkish entrepreneurs come to the fore particularly in areas such as food sector, medication-chemistry industry, construction, hotel management and manufacturing. The activities of Turkish companies have been growing in construction sector in Kazakhstan day by day. Turkish construction companies in Kazakhstan carried out projects with the value of 1.78 billion Dollars in 2013 and 1.9 billion Dollars in 2014. In 2015, 600 Turkish companies in Kazakhstan undertook some projects with the value of 2.05 billion Dollars.

Turkey is the 17th largest investor In Kazakhstan, in terms of capitalization and the 4th largest country in terms of the investments excluding energy. Turkish companies provide employment for more than 15.000 people.

According to the data of November 2015 of the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, the amount of international direct investment from Kazakhstan to Turkey was 681 million Dollars. There are 482 Kazakh-capitalized companies in our country, as of June 2015.

Regional and international cooperation between Turkey and Kazakhstan also grows rapidly. The Summit of Turkic Speaking States has been institutionalized as a tangible result of the cooperation between Turkey and Kazakhstan in order to ensure peace and stability in Eurasia, and in this context, Kazakhstan has played a significant role in the establishment of the Turkic Council and the TURKPA. Kazakhstan also hosts the International Turkic Academy established within the framework of the Turkic Council.

Cooperation on education and culture constitutes another significant dimension of the relations between two countries. About 13.043 students study in the campuses, established in four cities, of International Hodja Ahmet Yesevi Turkish- Kazakh University, whose center is located in Turkistan.