Political Relations between Turkey and Georgia

Turkey recognized the independence of Georgia on 16 December 1991. The Protocol on Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the two countries was signed on 21 May 1992. Both countries have opened Embassies in each other’s capital. Turkey has a Consulate General in Batumi, while Georgia has two Consulates General in İstanbul and Trabzon.

Turkey’s relations with Georgia are at strategic level. Turkey has been the biggest trade partner of Georgia since 2007 and among the leading investor countries to Georgia. In accordance with the protocol signed on 31 May 2011 and which entered into force on 10 December 2011, Turkish and Georgian citizens are able to travel each other’s country with their national identity documents.

Mutual high level visits are carried out on a regular basis. With the aim of further developing bilateral relations, High Level Strategic Cooperation Council (HLSC) mechanism was established. The first round of HLSC meeting was held in Ankara on 19 July 2016 and the second round of HLSC was held in Tbilisi on 23 May 2017. The third round is expected to be held in Turkey.

The mechanisms of Turkey-Georgia-Azerbaijan and Turkey-Georgia-Azerbaijan-Iran contribute to regional stability, peace and prosperity. The first Summit of Turkey-Georgia-Azerbaijan mechanism was held on 6 May 2014 in Tbilisi. The next Summit is expected to be held in Azerbaijan. The seventh trilateral meeting of Foreign Ministers was held on October 29, 2018 in Istanbul. The next meeting is expected to be held in Tbilisi. The first meeting of Turkey-Georgia-Azerbaijan-Iran Foreign Ministers was held on March 15, 2018 in Baku. The next meeting is expected to be held in Georgia.

Turkey strongly supports territorial integrity of Georgia and does not recognize the so-called independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Turkey hopes that these conflicts will be resolved within Georgia's territorial integrity and sovereignty through peaceful means. Turkey also supports Georgia's efforts for integration with Euro-Atlantic organizations.

Another important issue on the bilateral agenda is the return process of Ahıska Turks to their homeland. Turkey closely follows this issue and wishes that all obstacles in the return process will be eliminated in line with the obligations that Georgia assumed while being a member to the Council of Europe in 1999. On the other hand, almost 3000 Ahıska Turks residing in the conflict areas of eastern Ukraine were brought to Turkey so far and settled in Üzümlü district of Erzincan and Ahlat district of Bitlis.