Relations between Turkey and Estonia

Turkey’s relations with Estonia are based on the “Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation” signed on 1 December 1924. The occupation and annexation of Estonia by the Soviet Union during the Second World War has never been recognized by Turkey. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, diplomatic relations between the two countries were re-established on 2 October 1991.

While Turkey supported Estonia’s NATO membership, Turkey’s EU membership process is supported by Estonia. Bilateral relations have been developing on that basis between the two countries which have close political dialogue and cooperation in international platforms, first and foremost in NATO.
Turkey has been a sponsoring nation to NATO’s Cooperative Cyber Defense Centre of Excellence in Tallinn since November 2015.

H.E. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit to Estonia on 23-24 October 2014 was a concrete sign of the collaboration between Turkey and Estonia.

H.E. Marina Kaljurand, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, paid a visit to Turkey on 24 August 2016 in her capacity as the Chairman of Council of Europe. Turkish Foreign Minister H.E. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu visited Estonia on 27 October 2016. Lastly, the visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs Sven Mikser in July August within the context of the Estonian EU Presidency and the official visit of Estonian Prime Minister Ratas in August 2017 have reaffirmed the friendly and allied relations between the two countries.
In 2017, overall volume of trade between the two countries was 406 million Dollars (exports 106 million Dollars; imports 300 million Dollars). More than 60% of Turkey’s exportation to Estonia consist of home textile and ready wear. Other export items are mostly land vehicles and machines. Estonian exportation mostly consists of iron and steel, electronics and jewelry.

Total amount of direct investments from Estonia to Turkey in the period of 2002- 2017 amounted to 11 million Dollars, whereas the Turkish direct investments in Estonia during the same period was 2 million Dollars.

Turkey is the most popular tourism destination for Estonians. 48.024 Estonian tourists visited Turkey in 2017.

Tallinn University’s Turcology Department offers courses since 1997, and a Turkish academician has been teaching since 2008. Tartu University’s Faculty of Philosophy also has a Turkish language section since 1998.

In Rakvere – Estonia, there is a cemetery of the Ottoman soldiers who were taken hostage during the 1877-1878 Ottoman Russian War, and taken to Estonia.

Around 450 Turkish citizens live in Estonia.