Relations Between Turkey and Canada

The establishment of diplomatic relations between Turkey and Canada goes back to 1943. In June 1943, Turkey conveyed to Canada its desire to open an Embassy in Ottawa, Canada responded favorably, and the first Turkish Ambassador to Canada, Mr. Mehmet Ali Şevki Ilhan presented his credentials on March 6, 1944. His counterpart, Major General Victor W. Odlum, presented his credentials to the President of the Republic of Turkey on November 26, 1947, becoming the first Canadian Ambassador to Turkey.

During the Cold War, political relations between Turkey and Canada evolved mainly around military and security cooperation within NATO. The two allies have also been working side by side in pursuit of a more peaceful and stable world, cooperating within the UN and the OSCE frameworks. In this vein, they took part in various international peacekeeping operations. Canada also participated in the UNFICYP (UN Force in Cyprus) with sizeable troops until 1993.

Since the establishment of the G-20 on September 25, 1999, the two countries found a common forum where they could discuss issues of global economy and finance.

Canadian government’s position and the resolutions adopted by the both Chambers of Canadian Parliament regarding the events of 1915 do not comply with historical facts and create difficulties in Turkish-Canadian relations.

Inter-parliamentary Friendship Groups have been established in both countries. The Canadian side of the Friendship Group was initiated in June 1996. The Turkish side to the Turkish-Canadian Inter-parliamentary Friendship was initiated on January 5, 2012.

The volume of bilateral trade between the two countries was 3.2 billion dollars in 2017 and 3.28 billion dollars in 2018. 377 Canadian companies have investments in Turkey, mostly in the fields of energy, mining, information technology and infrastructure.

Turkish Airlines has direct flights to Toronto and Montreal.

Total population of Turkish origin people in Canada is estimated around 65,000. Majority of the members of the Turkish Community in Canada are concentrated in Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Vancouver and Edmonton.

Turkey hosted 109.189 Canadian tourists in 2018.