Relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan

On November 1991, Turkey became the first state to recognize the Republic of Azerbaijan, which declared its independence on 30 August 1991. The diplomatic relations were established on 14 January 1992 and the Consulate General in Baku was upgraded to Embassy level. Turkey has also two Consulates General in Nakhchivan and in Ganja while Azerbaijan is represented by its Embassy in Ankara and two Consulates General in Istanbul and Kars.

Turkey’s relations with Azerbaijan is multifaceted and at strategic level. Frequent high level contacts are the main driving main force of bilateral relations. Visiting each other’s countries immediately after assuming the office or in the wake of developments with symbolic importance became a tradition.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan, visited our country in 22 February 2017 to attend a conference organized by Turkic Council on the occasion of 25th anniversary of Khojaly Massacre and held a meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Çavuşoğlu. Speaker of the Parliament of Azerbaijan attended Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Summit held in İstanbul in 22 May 2017. President of Azerbaijan visited our country in 9-10 July 2017 to attend 22nd World Petroleum Congress, in 19-20 October 2017 to attend D8 Summit and in 13 December 2017 to attend Extraordinary Summit of Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

With the aim of further strengthening bilateral relations, the High Level Strategic Cooperation Council (HLSC) mechanism was established in 2010 at the Presidential level. On the occasion of Sixth meeting of HLSC and the inauguration of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway, Our President paid a visit to Baku in 30-31 October 2017.

Turkey-Azerbaijan-Georgia, Turkey-Azerbaijan-Iran and Turkey-Azerbaijan-Turkmenistan trilateral meetings established together with Azerbaijan are important mechanisms contributing to regional stability, peace and prosperity. Turkey-Azerbaijan-Georgia and Turkey-Azerbaijan-Turkmenistan trilateral meetings are elevated to the level of Presidents. In 2017, Turkey-Azerbaijan-Pakistan trilateral mechanism has been established and held its first meeting on 30 November 2017 in Baku.

Constituting the only land connection between Turkey and Azerbaijan, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is of great importance for Turkey’s relations with Azerbaijan. Located between Armenia, Iran and Turkey and physically apart from Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan is described as “Turkish Gate” in history, and constitutes our direct contact point with Azerbaijani people. Our Prime Minister paid a visit to Nakhcivan in 20 December 2017.

Turkey contributes to efforts aimed at the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict within Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity and sovereignty through peaceful means. In this regard, as a member of OSCE Minsk Group, Turkey continues its initiatives and expresses on every occasion its concerns especially regarding the severe clashes and loss of lives along the line of contact and at some sections of Azerbaijan-Armenia border in April 2016 and reiterates its call to facilitate the negotiation process.