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Turkey’s Relations with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Turkey is one of the 20 founding members of the OECD. Staff of the Turkish Permanent Delegation to the OECD is composed of officials from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Finance, Development, Economy and the Undersecretariat of Treasury.

From 1960’s to 1980’s, Turkey’s interest in the OECD focused on the works of the “the OECD Consortium to Aid Turkey” which had been established on 12 July 1962 to annually oversee Turkey’s economic situation and determine the amount of financial aid to be allocated to Turkey. In addition to the Consortium, Turkey actively participated in the works of the “Working Group on Turkey’s External Debt” which was established on 17 May 1978 with the purpose of better management of Turkey’s increasing foreign debt. From the mid-1980s to the year 2000, Turkey’s interest in the OECD declined relatively with the end of the mandates of the said Consortium and the Working Group. Starting from the 2000’s, Turkey-OECD relations reached new heights parallel to the EU accession and national reform processes.

Today, relevant Turkish authorities and bodies are following the OECD work more closely, making their contributions and benefitting from the organization. Recently, national regulatory bodies have also focused their attention to the OECD work.

OECD Ankara Multilateral Tax Center operates in Ankara under the management of the Turkish Ministry of Finance. Apart from Turkey, OECD Multilateral Tax Centers are operational in Austria, Hungary, Korea and Mexico along with the Ankara Center, which is one of the most active ones. Since 1993, OECD Ankara Multilateral Tax Center has hosted education seminars on tax matters for over 4.000 participants from 45 countries.

Turkey’s financial contribution to the OECD main budget (Part – I) in 2015 stood at a scale of 1.79%. With the addition of Part – II programs, total amount of the contribution reaches up 3.5 million Euros.
In 2012, Turkey carried out the Chairmanship of the Ministerial Council Meeting of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) after 26 years. In 2013, Turkey hosted a series of important OECD events, including the Informal Meeting of OECD Ministers of Education, Ministers Conference on Universal Health Coverage, and Global Forum for Information Economy. In addition, Turkey hosted the 2013 Ministerial Meeting of the International Energy Agency, which operates under OECD.

Turkey worked closely with the OECD in 2015 during its G20 Presidency.

As one of the founding members, Turkey will continue to actively participate in and contribute to the OECD work.