The Euro-Mediterranean Process (Euro med/Barcelona Process) was established in 1995 in order to create a long-lasting and institutional cooperation
framework between the European Union (EU) and the non-member Mediterranean countries. This process gave its place to "the Union for the Mediterranean"
(UfM) at the Euro-Mediterranean Heads of States and Government Summit held on 13 July 2008 in Paris.
The Union for the Mediterranean, which aims at strengthening the Barcelona Process is in fact a continuation of this process, and seeks to increase
cooperation in the Mediterranean especially by means of projects. The Union for the Mediterranean envisages cooperation within a large spectrum ranging
from political dialogue and economy to social and cultural fields.
28 EU member countries and Turkey, Israel, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Monaco, Montenegro, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco,
Palestine, Syria and Tunisia participate in the Union for Mediterranean process. Libya, an observer in the Euro-Mediterranean Process before 2008 accepted
the invitation extended after the political transformation it went through and started to participate in the meetings. On the other hand, Syria suspended
its membership to the UfM on 30 November 2011 due to the EU sanctions.
The Summit held in 2008 in Paris determined six priority areas for the projects to be implemented within the framework of the Union for Mediterranean:
de-pollution of the Mediterranean Sea; maritime and land highways; civil protection; alternative energies and the Mediterranean Solar Plan; higher
education and research/ The Euro-Mediterranean University; the Mediterranean Business Initiative.
The Union for Mediterranean is co-chaired by the EU External Affairs Service on behalf of the EU members and a Mediterranean non-member country. A
Secretariat was established in Barcelona in order for conducting technical duties on the basis of the projects. Currently, Moroccan Ambassador H.E. Mr.
Fathallah Sijilmassi serves as the Secretary General of the UfM. His term of office was extended for 3 years as of 2015. The Office of the
Deputy Secretary General responsible for transportation issues has been assumed by Turkey, and Ambassador (ret.) Mr. Yiğit Alpogan was appointed to this
post. Ambassador Alpogan is expected to continue his duty until 2016.
Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly (EMPA):
Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly, which started its activities in 2004, constitutes the parliamentary dimension of the UfM. The Assembly comprises
the member States of the EU, the Mediterranean non-members countries and members of the European Parliament. Turkey is represented by the EMPA Turkish
Group (6 members of parliament) headed by Şanlıurfa MP Mrs. Zeynep Karahan Uslu.
Anna Lindh Foundation:
Anna Lindh Foundation was established in 2005 with a view to strengthening the intercultural dialogue within the scope of the UfM. With its headquarter in
Alexandria, National networks (NGOs) were founded within the body of the ALF, and Third Sector Foundation of Turkey (TÜSEV) coordinates the Turkish
network. Within the scope of the ALF, Anna Lindh “la Caixa” Chair was founded in October 2012 at the Sabancı University.
The Euro-Mediterranean Regional and Local Assembly (ARLEM):
The Euro-Mediterranean Regional and Local Assembly (ARLEM) was established with the purpose of bringing regional and local dimension to the
Euro-Mediterranean partnership in 2010. İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality, Antakya Municipality, Balıkesir
Municipality and Muğla Municipality are among the participants in the ARLEM.
The Euro-Mediterranean University (EMUNI):
The Euro-Mediterranean University (EMUNI) was founded in Slovenia in 2008 within the scope of the UfM with a view to creating a joint area of higher
education and research in the Mediterranean. H.E. Mr. Ahmet Davutoğlu, Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey is a member of the EMUNI Honorary Board.
Six Turkish universities (Çukurova, Ege, ODTÜ, Hacettepe, Kadir Has and Istanbul Technical University) are members of the EMUNI.