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Armenians in Ottoman Bureaucracy

 

• Armenians held key positions in Ottoman bureaucracy.

• Particularly in the 19th century, twenty-nine Armenians were granted the highest military-governmental rank of Pasha (general).

• There were twenty-two Armenian ministers in Ottoman Administration, including the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Finance, Treasury, Trade and Post, with other Armenians holding high positions at the departments in charge of agriculture, economic development, and the census.

• There also were thirty-three Armenian representatives appointed and elected to the Ottoman Parliament, seven ambassadors, eleven consuls-general and consuls, eleven university professors, and forty-one other officials of high rank.

• In the beginning of the twentieth century, during the Balkan Wars, Mr. Gabriel Noradukyan, an Ottoman Armenian, served as the Foreign Minister of the Ottoman Empire.

• Agop Kazakyan served as the Minister of Finance and Sakız Ohannes Paşa as the Minister of Treasury.

• İlyas Çayan Efendi was the President of the Council of State.

• Osgan Mardikyan was the Minister of Communication.

• Ohannes Ferit Efendi (Van), Ohannes Asasyan (Elazığ), L. Aycıyan ve Ant Billoryan (Erzurum) served as the Deputy Governors in the eastern provinces of Turkey.

• The Armenian circles put forth exaggerated statistics with regard to the Armenian population in the Ottoman Empire.

• The Ottoman statistics are the most reliable and sound source which put the Armenian population in the Empire at the start of World War I, at around 1,3 million.

• The sound population statistics were necessary for the Ottoman Administration for tax collection and military conscription.

• It is worth to note that the Ottoman Census Administration, which was established in 1892, operated under an Ottoman Armenian named Migirdich Shinopian between the years 1903-1908, and, as of 1908, under an American.

• In the light of these facts, the Armenian allegation that 1,5 million Armenians were massacred constitutes an utter distortion of the historical truth.

THE LIST OF THE ARMENIAN BUREUCRATS AND CIVIL SERVANTS IN THE LATE OTTOMAN ERA

THE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Gabriel Noradukyan (Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1912) Ohannes Kuyumcuyan (Deputy Undersecretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs between 1909 and 1913)

DEPUTY COUNSELLORS ON LEGAL AFFAIRS IN THE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Edvar Bey Mısırlı (until 1908) Hırant Bey Abro (until 1917)

CONSULS AND DIPLOMATS

Hrant Düz (Messina/Italy)

Hovsep Misakyan Efendi (The Hague/Netherlands)

Ohannes Magakyan Efendi (Deputy Consul/Oziçe-Serbia)

Mihran Kavafyan Efendi (Consul General/France) (in 1907 Counsellor – Plenipotentiary/ Belgium)

Şekip Efendi (First Secretary Berlin/Germany)

Harutyun Markaryan Efendi(First Secretary/Belgrade)

Hovsep Azaryan Efendi (Consul General/Malta)

Sarkis Balyan Efendi (Consul Bari/Italy)

Dikran Hünkarbeğendiyan (Deputy Consul Odessa/Russia)

Levon Bey Yeremyan (Second Secretary/Paris)

Diran Bey Dadyan (Second Secretary/Brussels)

Levon Bey Yeremyan (Second Secretary/Paris)

Minas Yeram Efendi (Deputy Consul /Zanta)

Ohannes Nafilyan Efendi (Deputy Consul /Tbilisi)

Hrant Bey Noradukyan (Deputy Consul /Galaç-Romania)

Arsen Efendi (Deputy Consul/Newcastle/Britain Patras/Greece)

MINISTRY OF TREASURY

Sakız Ohannes Paşa (Minister, between the years 1897 and 1908)

MINISTRY OF FINANCE

Agop Kazakyan (Minister)

MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE (post 1900)

İlyas Çayan Efendi (President)

Andon Köseyan (Director of Public Accounts)

Duran Bey

Zarah Dilber Efendi

Bedros Zeki Garabetyan

Krikor Hıdıryan Efendi

Hrant Asadur Efendi

MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION

Osgan Mardikyan (Minister, 1913)

MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS (AFTER 1900)

Ohannes Ferit Efendi (Deputy Governor in Van)

Ohannes Asasyan (Deputy Governor in Elazığ)

L. Aycıyan ve Ant Billoryan (Deputy Governor in Erzurum)

Harutyun Hamdanyan (Chief of External Correspondence)

MEMBERS OF THE OTTOMAN PARLIAMENT ELECTED AT THE 1908 GENERAL ELECTIONS

Krikor Zohrap

Bedros Hallacyan

Agop Babikyan

Nazaret Dağavaryan

CIVIL SERVANTS

Sisak Ferit Bey (Director General of the Ottoman Census Administration)

Minas Gamsar (Censor responsible for Armenian newspapers)

Levon Surenyan (Censor responsible for Armenian newspapers)

Bogos Parnasyan (Director General of Press and Information)