Relations between Turkey and Estonia

Turkey’s relations with Estonia are based on the “Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation” signed on 1 December 1924. The occupation and annexation of Estonia by the Soviet Union during the Second World War has never been recognized by Turkey. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, diplomatic relations between the two countries were re-established on 2 October 1991.

The strong support extended by Turkey to Estonia’s NATO membership, and Estonia’s support to Turkey’s EU membership process reflects positively on bilateral relations. The two countries which have parallel attitude towards current international problems continue their cooperation in international platforms, such as UN, NATO and EU.

H.E. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan visited Estonia on 23-24 October 2014.

H.E. Marina Kaljurand, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, paid a visit to Turkey on 24 August 2016 in her capacity as the Chairman of Council of Europe. Turkish Foreign Minister H.E. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu visited Estonia on 27 October 2016. Lastly, Minister of Foreign Affairs Sven Mikser visited Turkey in July 2017 within the context of the Estonian EU Presidency and Estonian Prime Minister Ratas paid a visit in August 2017.

During the EU Presidency, Estonia presented a constructive approach and tried to continue the dialog between Turkey and the EU.

Turkey has been a sponsoring nation to NATO’s Cooperative Cyber Defense Centre of Excellence in Tallinn since November 2015.

In 2018, overall volume of trade between the two countries was 312 million Dollars (Turkey’s exports 92 million Dollars; imports 220 million Dollars).

Total amount of direct investments from Estonia to Turkey in the period of 2002- 2018 amounted to 11 million Dollars, whereas the Turkish direct investments in Estonia during the same period was 3 million Dollars.

Turkey is the most popular tourism destination for Estonians. 61,707 Estonian tourists visited Turkey in 2018.

Tallinn University’s Turcology Department offers courses since 1997, and a Turkish academician has been teaching since 2008. Tartu University’s Faculty of Philosophy also has a Turkish language section since 1998.

In Rakvere – Estonia, there is a cemetery of the Ottoman soldiers who were taken hostage and brought to Estonia during the 1877-1878 Ottoman Russian War.

Around 575 Turkish citizens live in Estonia.

Estonia has Honorary Consulates in İstanbul, Antalya, Bursa, Mersin and Trabzon.