Relations between Türkiye and Austria

The relations between Türkiye and Austria are based on a long history. The first (1529) and second (1683) siege of Vienna by the Ottoman Empire appear to have a long-standing effect on relations. The Turkish Republic and the Austrian Republic established after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and the Austrian Empire respectively, both in the same alliance during the First World War, have continued to develop their relations. Within this framework a "Friendship Agreement" was signed in 1924 between Türkiye and Austria.

Türkiye's accession process to the European Union and the Turkish community in Austria constitute the two important elements in Turkish-Austrian relations. The Turkish community in Austria is composed of nearly 300.000 people of which half are Austrian citizens. As of 2019, there are 3 parliamentarians of Turkish origin serving at Federal and State level in Austria.

Despite some positive developments in bilateral relations between Türkiye and Austria in the recent years, the fluctuating course still continues. The deep-rooted prejudiced approach of Austrian public opinion against Türkiye plays a major role in this. Indeed, similar to the 2016 presidential elections, the campaigns for 2017 and 2019 general elections included varioue degrees of anti-Türkiye rhetoric by political parties. The negative attitude towards Türkiye’s EU membership continues to be a stumbling block. That said, commercial and investment relations as well as cultural cooperation constitute a good basis for positive agenda.

Former Minister of Foreign Affairs Karin Kneissl paid a working visit to Türkiye on 25 January 2018. Our Foreign Minister visited Vienna on 7-8 March 2018 as well as on 30-31 August on the occasion of the Unofficial Meeting of the EU Foreign Ministers (Gymnich). The contacts were beneficial in terms of reaching a more positive agenda in bilateral relations. President Erdoğan met his Austrian counterpart Alexander van der Bellen on 26 September 2018 and our Minister met with Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg on 23 September 2019 in New York on the margins of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Lastly, Minister Çavuşoğlu met Austrian Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg during the Global Coalition to Defeat Daesh Foreign Ministers Meeting held in Rome on 28 June 2021.