World Expositions (EXPO) are international activities which have been organized since mid-19th century and have been contributing to communication, dialogue and peace between countries. These Expositions, which could in a sense, be considered as cultural, historical and educational activities of the world, enable information sharing for a better world by bringing the countries together.
The basic goal of the World Expositions is to exhibit ideas, cultural assets or projects regarding the future of the world as well as to share the cultural and scientific accumulations, rather than to promote commodities, and in this manner to pave the way for generating new ideas and to contribute to the universal socio-cultural development. Furthermore, special attention is paid to the suitability of the Expositions with the characteristics of the host country/city.
World Expositions focus on universal themes such as technology, innovation and harmony with environment. They provide visitors the opportunity to address their expectations regarding modern life, while protecting the cultural heritage of their countries.
The Expositions remain open for 90 to 180 days. Within that time period, they make a positive impact on the city as well as the region and the country they take place in. Host cities become a brand thanks to Expositions. Host cities gain monumental buildings through Exhibitions as well. Among them are La Tour Eiffel in Paris, Ponte Vasco da Gama in Lisbon and Atomium in Brussels.
Expositions continue to hold a distinctive value and meaning for the host city even after their termination. Re-organized as a techno-park accommodating firms developing technologies, the exposition venue in Seville is today a contributor to the economy of the city as well as to that of the country.
World Expositions are organized by the International Bureau of Expositions (Bureau International des Expositions-BIE), headquarters of which is located in Paris. BIE organizes a World Expo with a universal theme once in every 5 years, and an International Specialized Expo with a specific theme between the World Expos.
Since 1960, BIE also supports the organization of the International Horticultural Exhibition which is approved upon the endorsement of the candidacy of a country and a city by the International Association of Horticultural Producers (AIPH).
BIE has also supported the Milan Triennial Exhibition of Decorative Arts and Modern Architecture.
More detailed information regarding the Expositions could be found in the website
Although Turkey has become a member of BIE on October 5th, 2004, out of the 63 World Expositions organized since 1851, she has participated in 17 of them during the Ottoman Empire period and 17 expositions during the Republican era.
World Expositions so far participated by Turkey are:
1851- London (England)
1862- London (England)
1867- Paris (France)
1873- Vienna (Austria)
1876- Philadelphia (USA)
1878- Paris (France)
1880- Melbourne (Australia)
1888- Barcelona (Spain)
1889- Paris (France)
1893- Chicago (USA)
1897- Brussels (Belgium)
1900- Paris (France)
1904- Saint Louis (USA)
1905- Liege (Belgium)
1906- Milano (Italy)
1910- Brussels (Belgium)
1915- San Francisco (USA)
1935- Brussels (Belgium)
1939- New York (USA)
1949- Stockholm (Sweden)
1953- Rome (Italy)
1984-New Orleans (USA)
Turkey will host a Horticultural Exhibition in Antalya between April 23nd and October 30th, 2016 with the theme of “Flowers and Children” .
The exhibition venue which will accommodate pavilions from around 100 countries ranging from 500 to 5000 m2 will also remain open for visitors after the conclusion of the event.
More information on the abovementioned Antalya Horticulture Exhibition could be found in the website
World Expo in Milano (Italy) will be held under the theme “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life” between 1 May-31 October 2015. Turkey will participate to this Expo.
Ministry of Economy is responsible for the preparations relating the participation of Turkey in the said Expo.
Further information about the said World Expo is available at the following website http://en.expo2015.org/
2012 Yeosu (Korea) International Exposition was held between May 12th and August 12th, 2012 under the theme of “The Living Oceans and the Coasts: Diversity of Resources and Sustainable Activities ”.
Turkey has participated in this Expo with a 1400 m2 pavilion under the theme of "Turkey: A Land of Civilizations Connecting Seas and Continents", with the sub-themes "Turkey; Civilizations Along Seas, Seas Along Civilizations" and "Water and Sea, from a Drop to an Ocean".
“Turkey Day” was celebrated as part of “EXPO 2012 Yeosu, on June 21, 2012.
Commissioner General of Turkey for “EXPO 2012 Yeosu” is Ambassador (Rtd.) Burak Gürsel.
Further İnformation on this subject is available at the following website
2012 Floriade (Horticultural Expo) was held between 5 April-7 October 2012 in Venlo (Netherland) under the theme of “Be part of the theatre in nature, get closer to the quality of life”. Turkey has participated in this Expo with a 1.000m2 garden. The Turkish Garden was designed with the method of a blend of modern materials and traditional motifs.
His Excellency Abdullah Gül, President of the Republic of Turkey and Her Majesty Beatrix, the Queen of the Netherlands attended the inauguration of Turkey’s Garden on April 19, 2012. Activities of “National Day of the Turkey’s Garden” were performed on 1-2 June 2012 within the context of 2012 Floriade Expo.
Ms. Beratiye Öncü, Representative of the Ministry of Economy at the office of Commercial Attaché of Consulate General of the Republic of Turkey in Rotterdam is the General Commissioner of Turkish Garden.
Turkey has participated in the 2010 Shanghai World Exposition, which f ocused on the best practices in the cities, with a 2000 m2 pavilion under the theme of “Better City, Better Life” which was held between May 1st and October 31st, 2010
The themes of “Turkey - Cradle of Civilizations, Anatolia - The Land of Better Cities, Better Lives, İstanbul - Two Continents, One City” were designated as the core subject of the Turkey Pavilion
Turkey Pavilion has been visited by more than 7 million people throughout the exposition and has won silver medal at the category of "Theme Development" Commissioner General of Turkey for EXPO 2010 Shanghai was Ambassador (ret.) Sencar Özsoy.
Turkey has participated in the 2008 Zaragoza International EXPO, which was organized with the theme of “Water and Sustainable Development” between June 14th and September 14th, 2008 with a 1000 m2 pavilion.
Water assets of Turkey and its importance from the past to this day was displayed through 4 major themes in Zaragoza – namely, significance of fountains in Turkish culture, details of Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP), elaborateness of marbling art (Ebru) and how the historical and touristic regions of Turkey have been integrated with water. Turkish Pavilion has won the runner-up prize (silver medal) for its design.
Commissioner General of Turkey for EXPO 2008 Zaragoza is Ambassador (ret.) Sencar Özsoy.
Furthermore, “National Day of Turkey” was held within the context of “ EXPO 2008 Zaragoza” on July 13th, 2008.
Turkey has participated in the International Horticultural Exhibition entitled “ Royal Flora Ratchaphruek 2006”, which was organized with the theme of “To Express Love For Humanity” in the city of Chiang Mai located in north Thailand between the dates of November 1st, 2006 and January 31st, 2007, with a permanent Turkish Garden of 2000 m2
Inspired by the space utilization and design approach in the courtyard of the Turkish House, some traditional construction features which had been used in the classic Turkish architecture and garden were installed in the Turkish Garden. The Garden, which has a traditional Turkish fountain as well as a gazebo, is adorned with bronze sculpture with “Love” theme belonging to Sculptor Burhan Alkar, 3 boards of İznik Tiles, “Historical İzmir Rowboat”, “Sundial”, “Bird Cage” and similar work.
The Turkish Garden was designed and realized by a team composed of Prof. Dr. Yüksel Öztan, Prof. Dr. Halim Perçin, Serdar Akçay, Erkal Saran and Dr. Ömer Gülkal.
More information on the Turkish Garden could be found in the website
Turkey has also participated in the International Horticultural Exhibition entitled Royal Flora Ratchaphruek 2011.