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Protocol on Development of Relations Between The Republic of Turkey and The Republic of Armenia

The Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia,

 

Guided by the Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of

Turkey and the Republic of Armenia signed on the same day,

 

Considering the perspectives of developing their bilateral relations, based on confidence and respect to their mutual interests,

 

Determining to develop and enhance their bilateral relations, in the political, economic, energy,

transport, scientific, technical, cultural issues and other fields, based on common interests of both

countries,

 

Supporting the promotion of the cooperation between the two countries in the international and

regional organisations, especially within the framework of the UN, the OSCE, the Council of Europe, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council and the BSEC,

 

Taking into account the common purpose of both States to cooperate for enhancing regional

stability and security for ensuring the democratic and sustainable development of the region,

 

Reiterating their commitment to the peaceful settlement of regional and international disputes and conflicts on the basis of the norms and principles of international law,

 

Reaffirming their readiness to actively support the actions of the international community in

addressing common security threats to the region and world security and stability, such as terrorism, transnational organised crimes, illicit trafficking of drugs and arms,

 

1. Agree to open the common border within 2 months after the entry into force of this Protocol,

 

2. Agree to

 

conduct regular political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries;

 

implement a dialogue on the historical dimension with the aim to restore mutual confidence between the two nations, including an impartial scientific examination of the historical records and archives to define existing problems and formulate recommendations;

 

make the best possible use of existing transport, communications and energy infrastructure and

networks between the two countries, and to undertake measures in this regard;

 

develop the bilateral legal framework in order to foster cooperation between the two countries;

 

cooperate in the fields of science and education by encouraging relations between the appropriate

institutions as well as promoting the exchange of specialists and students, and act with the aim of

preserving the cultural heritage of both sides and launching common cultural projects;

 

establish consular cooperation in accordance with the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 1963 in order to provide necessary assistance and protection to the citizens of the two countries;

 

take concrete measures in order to develop trade, tourism and economic cooperation between the two countries; engage in a dialogue and reinforce their cooperation on environmental issues.

 

3. Agree on the establishment of an intergovernmental bilateral commission which shall comprise separate sub-commissions for the prompt implementation of the commitments mentioned in operational paragraph 2 above in this Protocol. To prepare the working modalities of the intergovernmental commission and its sub-commissions, a working group headed by the two Ministers of Foreign Affairs shall be created 2 months after the day following the entry into force of this Protocol. Within 3 months after the entry into force of this Protocol, these modalities shall be approved at ministerial level. The intergovernmental commission shall meet for the first time immediately after the adoption of the said modalities. The sub-commissions shall start their work at the latest 1 month thereafter and they shall work continuously until the completion of their mandates.

Where appropriate, international experts shall take part in the sub-commissions.

The timetable and elements agreed by both sides for the implementation of this Protocol are

mentioned in the annexed document, which is an integral part of this Protocol.

 

This Protocol and the Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia shall enter into force on the same day, i.e. on the first day of the first month following the exchange of instruments of ratification.

 

Signed in (date, place) in Turkish, Armenian and English authentic copies in duplicate. In case of

divergence of interpretation, the English text shall prevail

 

 

FOR THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY                  FOR THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

 

Annexed document: Timetable and elements for the implementation of the Protocol on development of relations between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia

 

  

 
Timetable and elements for the implementation of the Protocol on development of relations between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia

 

Steps to be undertaken

Timing

1. to open the common border

within 2 months after the entry into force of the Protocol on the development of relations between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia

2. to establish a working group headed by the two Ministers of Foreign Affairs to prepare the working modalities of the intergovernmental commission and its sub-commissions

2 months after the day following the entry into force of the Protocol on the development of relations between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia

3. to approve the working modalities of the intergovernmental commission and its sub-commissions at ministerial level

within 3 months after the entry into force of the Protocol on the development of relations between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia

4. to organize the first meeting of the intergovernmental commission

immediately after the adoption of the working modalities of the intergovernmental commission and its sub-commissions at ministerial level

5. to operate the following sub-commissions:

 

- the sub-commission on political consultations;

- the sub-commission on transport, communications and energy infrastructure and networks;

 - the sub-commission on legal matters;

 - the sub-commission on science and education;

- the sub-commission on trade, tourism and economic cooperation;

- the sub-commission on environmental issues; and

- the sub-commission on the historical dimension to implement a dialogue with the aim to restore mutual confidence between the two nations, including an impartial scientific examination of the historical records and archives to define existing problems and formulate recommendations, in which Turkish, Armenian as well as Swiss and other international experts shall take part.

at the latest 1 month after the first meeting of the intergovernmental commission

FOR THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY            FOR THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA