27 May 1960 - 28 March 1966
Cemal Gürsel was born in Erzurum in 1895. He graduated from the War College as an Artillery Third Lieutenant in 1915.
He fought in the Battle of Çanakkale (Dardanelles) from 1915 to 1917 with the First Battery of the 12th Artillery Regiment and from 1917 to 1918 in almost all the battles on the Syrian Front with the 41st Regiment as the Commander of the Fifth Battery.
He took part in the War of Independence with the First Division excelling in the battles of Second Inönü, Eskişehir and Sakarya.
Gürsel entered the War Academy in 1926 and Graduated as a staff officer in 1929.
In his 45 years of military career he worked successfully in various echelons of the Turkish Army. Gürsel was promoted to Brigadier General in August 30, 1946 and undertook commands of Division, Corps and the Army. On August 30, 1957 he was promoted to the rank of General and became the Commander of the Land Forces.
After leading the May 27, 1960 Revolution, he assumed the duties of the Head of State and the Government, Chairman of the National Unity Committee and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.
Following the general elections in 1961, Gürsel was elected as the 4th President of the Republic of Turkey for a term of 7 years in accordance with the Turkish Constitution. His health conditions did not permit him to conclude his Presidency and he left his post in 1966. He passed away on September 14, 1966.